The Marinera, best known dance of Peru This dance is a derivative of zamacueca and the mozamala. In 1893, Abelardo Gamarra "El Tunante" baptized with the name "marinera" in honor of the naval hero Miguel Grau, during a piano concert given by a girl Lima, who later became his great broadcaster, Mrs. Rosa Mercedes Ayarza Morales. That meeting was the most famous seafood, "The Dean" and later renamed as "The Concheperla. The sea has been slowly gaining positions. In 1938 he went to the Teatro Municipal de Lima to be presented at the Concert of Fiestas Patrias. Today across the country are carried out various festivals, the most known being held in January in Trujillo. Has several styles that are named according to their place of origin: marinera coastal, mountain and northern. Its development is a very energetic, with elegant movements and a complex choreography of coordinated and synchronized sequences. Each member of the couple kept the pace with a handkerchief in one hand, it also used for courtship, although it was never a physical contact. The instruments that are used for implementation are the guitar and cajón. Andean dance is considered par excellence. Its origins were pre-qualified from the outset by the assimilation of Western influences, it has many regional variations. Its musical structure stems from a pentatonic rhythm binary structural feature that has allowed this genre to become the basis of a series of hybrid rhythms, from the Andean chicha to rock. The dance is performed in pairs and turns that will develop from small movements and jumps that tap the pace. The instruments involved in the implementation of huayno are quena, the charango, harp and violin. In some variants of the typical bands huayno involved, adding instruments like the trumpet, saxophone and accordion. Furthermore, although very different genres in the popular huayno sensitivity is more related to the sea of what looks like the chorus reminds marinera mountain: "There is no huayno marinera / or without marinera huayno / Cholito pollera green / the third is for you. "
It is a rhythm and dance of celebration and joy associated with the harvest period in the central highlands. His energy and vitality is evident in the jumps and agility demonstrations of male dancers, in front of the fine tap their partners. In his choreography performance dance group to develop, in pairs, show skill in a fun competition. Instrumentation involved in orchestras or bands typically consist of a harp, violins, saxophones, clarinets, trumpets and drums.
Afro is a very popular dance in the central coast. Danced in pairs, hinting at the same time avoiding physical contact. Rogues movements and develop a cheerful expression body full of sensuality. The instrumentation consists of guitar, cajón and jaw and is accompanied by a solo singer and chorus.
It is a dance that, with regional variations, is danced throughout Peru, especially in rural areas of Puno, Cajamarca and the Amazon. The execution of this dance is performed in comparsas out on the streets with their own music. The lyrics of the songs, usually with a rhyme on time, in many cases pícaras, satirical and very happy. Guitars, accordions, mandolins, drums, Andean (Tiny and tambourine) and charangos are the most used for its implementation.
It is a dance in which couples taken from the hands in a half hug to end, they are intertwined with narrow steps, a style created by the typical Lima Waltz (Waltz) Vienna. It has its origins in the nineteenth century and has spread to the urban middle class as a demonstration that synthesized criollismo of romantic longing for a departed Lima. Instruments that are running are the guitar and cajón.
The pace somewhat martial dance of sikuris, has its origins in the Altiplano region. It is danced in large groups forming processions are organized in large circles around musicians who play zampoñas of different sizes.
Physical Skill Challenge and Ritual
From the perspective of Western man, the dance of the scissors is essentially an impressive demonstration of art and physical dexterity, but for the Andean people living in or mestizo communities of the Sierra is above all a complex ritual. A series of mysteries surrounding the danzaq (performing ritual) who, in a display of strength and elasticity, to test their skills by jumping gymnastics andalusia rhythm of the harp and violin. According to the priests of the colony due to its magic halo alleged pact with the devil, because the amazing pasta or tests that run in the dance. These tests are called Atipanakuy get swords for the esophagus, with wires crossed his face, eating insects, frogs and snakes, among other acts faquirismo own andino. The central instrument of the dance are the scissors, compiled in two separate metal plates about 25 cm long, which together have the form of a pair of scissors tip roma. Locations of major circulation of this dance are Ayacucho, Apurimac, Arequipa, the Sierra de Ica, Huancavelica and Lima.